Guidelines for Acceptable Use of Data

Recommended Citation Formats

Use one of the following formats to cite data retrieved from the SCAN SANDBOX network:
General Citation:
SCAN SANDBOX. 2024. http//: Accessed on July 17.
Usage of occurrence data from specific institutions:
Biodiversity occurrence data published by: <List of Collections> (Accessed through SCAN SANDBOX Data Portal, http//:, YYYY-MM-DD)

For example:
Biodiversity occurrence data published by: Field Museum of Natural History, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, and New York Botanical Garden (Accessed through SCAN SANDBOX Data Portal, http//:, 2024-07-17)

Occurrence Record Use Policy

  • While SCAN SANDBOX will make every effort possible to control and document the quality of the data it publishes, the data are made available "as is". Any report of errors in the data should be directed to the appropriate curators and/or collections managers.
  • SCAN SANDBOX cannot assume responsibility for damages resulting from mis-use or mis-interpretation of datasets or from errors or omissions that may exist in the data.
  • It is considered a matter of professional ethics to cite and acknowledge the work of other scientists that has resulted in data used in subsequent research.
  • SCAN SANDBOX expects that any use of data from this server will be accompanied with the appropriate citations and acknowledgments.
  • SCAN SANDBOX encourages users to contact the original investigator responsible for the data that they are accessing. Where appropriate, researchers whose projects are integrally dependent on particular group of specimen data are encouraged to consider collaboration and/or co-authorship with original investigators.
  • SCAN SANDBOX asks that users not redistribute data obtained from this site without permission for data owners. However, links or references to this site may be freely posted.

Collection Use Rights

Collection use rights are defined by the individual collection managers. Plese refer to the collection manager if you have any questions.

Collection Rights
Collection Name Rights
Academy of Natural Sciences Entomology Collection - LepNet
Academy of Natural Sciences Entomology Collection – OrthopNet
Academy of Natural Sciences Entomology Collection – ParasiteTracker
Actualización de la Colección de Artrópodos con importancia médica (CAIM), Laboratorio de Entomología, InDRE
Allan Smith-Pardo
American Museum of Natural History Invertebrate Zoology Collection
Apoyo para la infraestructura de la colección de artrópodos con y sin importancia médica del Laboratorio estatal de Salud Pública del estado de Guanaj
April Hamblin thesis collection
Archbold Biological Station Arthropod Collection
Arizona State University - Social Insect Biodiversity Repository
Arizona State University Charles W. O'Brien Collection
Arizona State University Hasbrouck Insect Collection
Arizona State University Lois B. O'Brien Collection
Auburn University Museum of Natural History Entomology
Augustana College Entomology Collection
Australian Freshwater Invertebrates
Bark and Ambrosia Beetles of the New World
Bee Biology and Systematics Laboratory
Bee data from INABIO
Bees in the Trees Cornell Collection
Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum
Biodiversidad de la apifauna de Yucatán
Biodiversidad de la Sierra Tarahumara. Lepidoptera: Mimallonoidea, Lasiocampoidea, Bombycoidea y Pyraloidea
Bishop's University Insect Collection (BUIC)
BLM Mother Lode Field Office: The Bees of Pine Hill Preserve
Bloom et al., 2021 Documenting pollinators, floral hosts, and plant–pollinator interactions in U.S. Pacific Northwest agroecosystems
Bombus of Canada
Branson Museum of Zoology - Arthropods
Brigham Young University Arthropod Museum
Butterflies and Skippers of Alberta Project
C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity
California Academy of Sciences - Entomology Type Collection
California Academy of Sciences Entomology
California State University East Bay Natural History Museum
Canadian Museum of Nature Insect Collection
Canadian National Collection
Carnegie Invertebrate Zoology Collection
Catálogo de insectos de la colección del Centro de Entomología
Catálogo y recopilación de datos científicos de los lepidópteros nocturnos de México, pertenecientes a cinco familias
CEPANN - Coleção Entomológica Paulo Nogueira-Neto - IB/USP
Chicago Academy of Sciences
Clemson University Arthropod Collection
Cleveland Museum of Natural History Invertebrate Zoology Collection
CNIN/Abejas de México/Apoidea
Coleção Entomológica
Colección de insectos agrícolas del proyecto diversidad en sistemas de cultivos
Colección de Invertebrados de la Universidad de la Sierra
Colección de referencia de vectores de Leishmania spp (causante de Leshmaniasis cutánea localizada) de la Península de Yucatán y un estudio preliminar
Colección de referencia de vectores de Leishmania spp (causante de Leshmaniasis cutánea localizada) de la Península de Yucatán y un estudio preliminar
Colección Zoológica de la Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro
Collaborative bee data from private collections
Colorado College Arthropod Collection
Colorado Plateau Museum of Arthropod Biodiversity
Computarización de abejas de la colección entomológica de la Frontera Sur
Computarización de la colección de abejas (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) del Museo de Zoología Alfonso L. Herrera, de la Facultad de Ciencias de la UNAM
Computarización de la Colección Nacional de insectos Dr. Alfredo Barrera Marín del Museo de Historia Natural de la Ciudad de México
Computarización y actualización de la curación de la Colección de Lepidóptera del Museo de Zoología "Alfonso L. Herrera" y su base de datos MARIPOSA.
Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station Arthropod Collection
Crispin S. Guppy Collection
Denver Botanic Gardens Collection of Arthropods
Denver Museum of Nature & Science - Arachnology
Denver Museum of Nature & Science - Entomology
Denver Museum of Nature & Science - Parasites
Derek A. Woller Insect Collection
Diversidad de abejas (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) de la Reserva de la Biosfera El Triunfo, Chiapas
Diversidad de ocho grupos de insecta (Odonata, Lycidae, Phengodidae, Lampyridae, Cantharidae, Cerambycidae, Syrphidae y Vespidae) en tres regiones con
Dugway Proving Ground Natural History Collection
Entomological Museum Francisco Luis Gallego -
Entomology Collection at the Natural History Museum of Utah
Entomology Collection of the Natural History Museum of the University of the Amazon
Eric G Chapman Coleoptera Research Collection
Escarabajos y moscas de los bosques de niebla del sureste mexicano (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea; Diptera: Syrphidae y Calliphoridae)
Essig Museum of Entomology
Estación Biológica de Doñana Pollinator Collection
Fauna de insectos sociales del estado de Campeche
Field Museum of Natural History Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Myriapods
Florida Museum of Natural History, McGuire Center for Lepidoptera and Biodiversity
Florida State Collection of Arthropods
Fortalecimiento de las colecciones de ECOSUR. Primera fase (Abejas)
Frost Entomological Museum
Furman University Insect Collection
General Research Observations
Gregory P. Setliff Collection - Kutztown University
Guy Hanley Insect Research Collection
Hannam University Systematic Entomology Laboratory
Harold W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology Collection (HWML) Parasite Collection
Hawaii Department of Agriculture, Plant Pest Control Branch
Host Spiders
Hymenoptera Institute Collection
Ian Watkinson Lepidoptera Collection
Illinois Natural History Survey - Crustacean Collection
Illinois Natural History Survey Insect Collection
iNat research grade identified to species
iNaturalist Research-grade Observations
Insect Collection of Quebec (CIQ-ENT)
Insectarium de Montréal (IMQC)
Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad - Entomology
International Barcode of Life project (iBOL)
Inventario de Hymenóptera; parasítica en México
Inventario de la lepidopterofauna de la Sierra de Huautla
Inventario de las mariposas de la selva baja de las sierras de Taxco-Huautla, Guerrero (RTP120)
Inventario de los ropaloceros (Lepidoptera) de la Sierra Gorda, estado de Querétaro, México
Joseph Moore Museum
K-State Museum of Entomological and Prairie Arthropod Research
Kenai National Wildlife Refuge Entomology Collection
Kenneth S. Norris Center for Natural History, University of California Santa Cruz, Insect Collection
Kojun Kanda Insect Collection
KWP Lepidoptera Collection (Arctos)
Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera y Heterocera) de áreas prioritarias para la conservación en la Península de Yucatán, con registros de adultos y estados inmad
LepSnap Observations
López-Uribe Lab Collection
Luther Entomological Research Collection
M. Andrew Johnston Collection
M. Gollop Collection
Maine State Museum - Brianne Du Clos
Manitoba Museum of Man and Nature
McDonald-Podesta-Fortuin-Gandhi Orchid Bee Collection
McGill University, Lyman Entomological Museum (LEMQ)
McMaster University Collection
Michigan Technological University Insect Collection
Middlebury College Insect Collection
Milwaukee Public Museum, Invertebrate Zoology-Insect Collection
Minnesota Bee Atlas
Mississippi Entomological Museum
Montana Entomology Collection
Moth Observation Database: David L. Wikle Personal Collection
Moth Observation Database: Field Museum of Natural History
Moth Observation Database: Kansas State University
Moth Observation Database: Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History
Moth Observations Database: American Museum of Natural History
Moth Observations Database: California Academy of Sciences
Moth Observations Database: California Department of Food and Agriculture
Moth Observations Database: Canadian National Collection
Moth Observations Database: Colorado State University, Fort Collins
Moth Observations Database: Denver Museum of Nature & Science
Moth Observations Database: LA County Museum of Natural History
Moth Observations Database: National Museum of Natural History
Moth Observations Database: Paul and Sandy Russel Personal Collection
Moth Observations Database: Peter Jump Personal Collection
Moth Observations Database: San Diego Natural History Museum
Moth Observations Database: Tom Dimock Personal Collection
Moth Observations Database: UC Berkeley
Moth Observations Database: UC Davis
Moth Observations Database: UC Riverside
Moth Observations Database: University of Connecticut
Museo de Entomología y Biodiversidad Tropical Collection - University of Puerto Rico
Museo Nacional de Historia Natural “Prof. Eugenio de Jesús Marcano” - Colección de Arácnidos
Museo Nacional de Historia Natural “Prof. Eugenio de Jesús Marcano” - Colección de Ortópteros
Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (MNRJ) and Pompilid hosts
Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University
Museum of Northern Arizona - Walnut Canyon National Monument Collection
Museum of Northern Arizona Invertebrate Collections
Museum of Northern Arizona – Grand Canyon National Park Collection
Museum of Northern Arizona – Petrified Forest National Park Collection
Museum of Southwestern Biology Division of Parasitology - ParasiteTracker
Museum of Southwestern Biology, Division of Arthropods
National Museums of Kenya, Invertebrate Section
Native Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab - US-CA-MX - Bees
Native Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab - World - Bees
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
NAU Forest Entomology Collection
NCSU Research Dataset Collection
NEON Biorepository Carabid Collection (DNA Extracts)
NEON Biorepository Carabid Collection (Pinned Vouchers)
NEON Biorepository Carabid Collection (Trap Sorting)
NEON Biorepository Mosquito Collection (Bulk Identified)
NEON Biorepository Mosquito Collection (Pinned Vouchers)
Nevada State Museum, Las Vegas Entomology Collection
New Mexico State Collection of Arthropods
New York State Museum Arthropod Collection
North American Bee Collections
North Carolina State University Insect Collection
Northern Arizona University - Agua Fria National Monument Collection
Northern Biodiversity Program Coleoptera (2010-2011)
Odonata de Veracruz
Odonata records from the Brigham Young University Arthropod Museum
Ohio State C.A. Triplehorn Insect Collection
Ohio State University Acarology Laboratory
Oregon Bee Atlas
Oregon State Arthropod Collection
Orma Smith Museum of Natural History
Orphaned Collection - Lyman Entomological Museum
Orthoptera DNA Tissue Collection
Ouellet-Robert Entomological Collection (QMOR)
Pardee et al. 2023: Plant-Pollinator Networks across an Urban Corridor
Peter Hall Observations
Plant Bug Planetary Biodiversity Inventory Project PBI: Phytophagous Insects as a Model Group for Documenting Planetary Biodiversity (Insecta: Heterop
Plant–pollinator community assembly across wildfire gradients
Pollinator interaction flexibility across scales affects patch colonization and occupancy
Predicting changes in bee assemblages following state transitions
Price Institute of Parasite Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Utah
Primera fase de actualización de la Colección de Siphonaptera Alfredo Barrera del Museo de Zoología Alfonso Herrera
Proyecto para compatibilizar el inventario de biota edáfica BGBD con el Sistema Nacional de Información sobre Biodiversidad
R. M. Bohart Museum of Entomology
Repatriación de datos de los lepidópteros depositados en la Colección del McGuire Center for Lepidoptera and Biodiversity, Florida Museum of Natural H
Richard B. Dominick Moth and Butterfly Collection
Riqueza específica y biodiversidad de microartrópodos edáficos de la Isla de Cozumel, Q. Roo
RL Minckley Insect and Plant Collection
Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory Insect Collection
Ross A. Layberry Observations
Royal British Columbia Museum Entomology Collection
RPSP - Coleção Entomológica Prof. J.M.F. Camargo, FFCLRP/USP
Rutgers University Entomological Museum
Sagehen Creek Field Station (UC-Berkeley) – Insects
Salvatore S. Anzaldo Collection
San Diego Natural History Museum Entomology Department
San Diego State University - Terrestrial Arthropods Collection
Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Entomology Collection
SCAN Collection of Externally Processed Specimens (Arthropod Systematics Research)
Scarab Central: World Scarabaeoidea
Scarabaeoidea y colección de tipos de la colección entomológica del Centro de Estudios en Zoología, Universidad de Guadalajara
Sierra Huérfana de Mazatán - Arthropod Observations
Smithsonian Institution - National Museum of Natural History
South Dakota State University, The Severin-McDaniel Insect Research Collection
Southeast Missouri State University Invertebrate Museum
State of Vermont Forest Biology Lab
Staten Island Museum Entomology Collection
Survey of bumblebees in central Alberta - 2018
Tall Timbers Research Station Natural History Museum, The Lepidoptera collection
Test Collection
Texas A&M University Insect Collection
Texas Tech University - Invertebrate Zoology
The Albert J. Cook Arthropod Research Collection
The Broward College Insect Collection
The Centre for Biodiversity Genomics - University of Guelph
The Davidson College Entomology Collection
The Diptera Course Checklist
The Dr. James F. Matthews Center for Biodiversity Studies Zoological Collection
The Lepidoptera collection (EL) of the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (MNHN - Paris)
The Lepidopterists' Society Season Summary
The Purdue Entomological Research Collection
The Sam Noble Museum Department of Recent Invertebrates
The University of Central Florida Collection of Arthropods
The University of Texas at El Paso Biodiversity Collections Entomology collection
The University of Texas Insect Collection
Tri-Trophic TCN
UAM Insect Collection
UConn Biodiversity Research Collection
United States National Museum, Entomology Collections
Universidad del Magdalena Abejas
University of Alaska Museum (UAM) Insect Observations
University of Alberta Museums, E. H. Strickland Entomological Museum
University of Arizona Insect Collection
University of British Columbia - Spencer Entomological Collection (UBCZ)
University of California Riverside, Entomology Research Museum
University of California San Diego - Drought and Habitat Fragmentation on Native Bee Assemblages
University of California Santa Barbara Invertebrate Zoology Collection
University of Central Florida, Stuart M. Fullerton Collection of Arthropods
University of Colorado Museum of Natural History Entomology Collection
University of Delaware Insect Research Collection
University of Florida Forestry Entomology Collection
University of Georgia Collection of Arthropods
University of Guam Insect Collection
University of Guelph Insect Collection (DEBU)
University of Hawaii Insect Museum
University of Indianapolis Spider Collection
University of Kansas Natural History Museum Entomology Division
University of Kentucky Insect Collection
University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Division of Insects
University of Minnesota Duluth Insect Collection
University of Minnesota Insect Collection
University of Nebraska State Museum
University of Nevada, Reno, Museum of Natural History, Entomology Research Collection
University of New Hampshire Collection of Insects and Arthropods (UNHC-UNHC)
University of North Dakota Insect Collection.
University of Northern Iowa - Wen Research Collection
University of Puerto Rico Mayagüez Invertebrate Collection
University of Redlands Arthropod Collection
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
University of the Virgin Islands, Cooperative Extension Service Arthropod Collection
University of Utah Invertebrates Collection
University of Vermont Zadock Thompson Zoological Collection-Invertebrates
University of Western Ontario Collection
University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point
University of Wyoming Dillon Lab Insect Collection
USNM data by Mississippi Entomological Museum
Utah Department of Agriculture and Food Entomology Collection
Utah State University, Eastern Entomological Collection
Utah Tech University Natural Science Museum’s Insect Collection
VectorBase (Bioinformatics Resource for Invertebrate Vectors of Human Pathogens)
Vermont Atlas of Life
Viktor Senderov Insect Collection
Virginia Commonwealth University Dyer Lab Bee Collection
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Insect Collection
Washington Bee GBIF-BOLD Dataset
Washington State University Collection
West Virginia Wesleyan College Katharine B. Gregg Orchid Pollinator Collection
Western Carolina University Collection of Arthropods
Western Washington University Insect Collection
Wichita State University Collection
William F. Barr Entomological Museum
Wisconsin Insect Research Collection
World Weevil Database
Xerces Society - Bumble Bee Watch
Yale Peabody Museum, Entomology Division
Zadock Thompson Zoological Collections - Caribbean Island Biogeography (CARBIO) Arachnid Collection


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Notes on Specimen Records and Images

Specimens are used for scientific research and because of skilled preparation and careful use they may last for hundreds of years. Some collections have specimens that were collected over 100 years ago that are no longer occur within the area. By making these specimens available on the web as images, their availability and value improves without an increase in inadvertent damage caused by use. Note that if you are considering making specimens, remember collecting normally requires permission of the landowner and, in the case of rare and endangered plants, additional permits may be required. It is best to coordinate such efforts with a regional institution that manages a publically accessible collection.